Color & Markings
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COAT COLORS


Here are just some explanations of common colors, but all coat colors are accepted.

~ Gray
Mixture of white with other colored hairs; usually born with color (can be any color or pattern) and get lighter with age as more white hairs appear.

More info on the gray color:
The gray color factor can be superimposed over any basic body color.  Therefore, all gray horses will not have a blue cast; some will have a tendency to be red, while others will have a tendency to look yellow.  The common characteristics of gray horses, are white hairs scattered over the head and body (often more prominent on the head of young horses.)  Each gray horse will vary in color throughout his lifetime, growing lighter with age.  A horse may be dark brown or dark red at birth and only have a few white hairs on his head.  With age he will become a medium gray which may appear to be white in an aged horse.

~ Black
Body color, including at the muzzle, eyes, flanks, inside upper legs, mane and tail are black.

~ Bay
Body color can range from tan through red to reddish brown; mane and tail black and lower legs usually black.

~ Chestnut
Body color reddish, or copper red to dark red, or brownish red; mane and tail usually same color as the body, but may also be flaxen or darker.

~ Roans
Although similar in appearance, should not be confused with horses that are turning gray.
Blue Roan - More or less uniform mixture of white and black all over the body, but usually darker on head and lower legs; can have a few red hairs in mixture.
Red Roan - More or less uniform mixture of white and red hairs on larger part of the body, but usually darker red on head and lower legs; mane and tail usually red.
Bay Roan ~ More or less uniform mixture of white with body hairs ranging from red to reddish brown; mane and tail and lower legs are usually black.

~Dun
Body color tan to reddish; mane and tail are red, black or brown, has dorsal stripe, zebra stripes on legs, and may have transverse stripe on withers.

~ Grullo
Body color smoke or mouse-colored (not a mixture of black and white hairs, but each hair mouse-colored) ; mane and tail black; usually black on lower legs.  Usually has dorsal stripe.

~ Buckskin
Body color light tan to dark gold; mane and tail black; usually black on lower legs.  Buckskins may or may not have dorsal stripes.

~ Palomino
Body color a golden yellow; Mane and tail white.  Palominos may or may not have a dorsal stripe.

NOTE: A dorsal stripe does not always indicate a dun.  A dorsal stripe on any color with absence of legs bars (zebra stripes) is known as counter shade striping.

~ Cremello
Body Color, mane and tail of creme or off white with pumpkin or peach skin.  Eyes are blue or amber.  White markings are sometime discernable if present, although difficult to see.

~ Perlino
Body color of creme or off white with mane, tail and sometimes legs are light rust or chocolate shade.  Skin is gray, pumpkin or peach.  Eyes are blue or amber.
OTHER COLORS MAY QUALIFY CONTACT THE AAHIA

More information ~ A THROWBACK
A throw back is a horse that has a characterisitic that neither of his parents had.  Genetics have shown, however, a throw back only occurs between those characteristics which are recessive.  Therefore, a gray horse cannot be a throw back.  Gray is a dominant characterisitic, consequently a horse must have at least one grey parent.  Another dominant characteristic is the black mane, tail and lower legs Consequently a horse with these characteristics (bay, brown, buckskin, black etc.) will have at least one parent with a black mane, tail and lower legs.  Only in very rare specific instances would this not be true.  A given stallion and mare may produce foals of several different colors (including some not indicated by either parent), but their are certain colors which the two parents should not produce.  Therefore, AAHIA will evaluate the colors of the sire and dam to determine if the foal/horse genetically can be the color listed on the registration.  Colors which are exceptions to the rules of genetics are then investigated to determine accurate color, and in most cases it is determined that the wrong color was indicated for the foal, or the parents were registered with the incorrect color.  Either error must be corrected.


MARKINGS
Facial

STAR
Any Marking on the forehead
SNIP
Any marking, usually vertical between the 2 nostrils
STRIP
A narrow marking extended vertically in the area between the forehead and the nostrils
CONNECTED
STAR,STRIP,SNIP
A marking on the forehead with a narrow extension along the nasal peak and opening up again between the nostrils.  These may be connected.

DISCONNECTED
STAR, STRIP & SNIP
A marking on the forehead with a narrow extension along the nasal peak and opening up again between the nostrils.
STAR & STRIP
 A marking on the forehead with a strip to the nasal peak.  The strip does not have to be an extension of the star.

BLAZE
A broader vertical
marking extending the length of the face of a relatively uniform width
BALD
  A very broad blaze, it can extend out around the eyes and it can extend down to around the upper lip and around the nostrils.



Legs

CORONET
A narrow marking around the coronet above the hoof
PASTERN
A marking which includes the entire Pastern

HALF PASTERN
A marking which includes only half the pastern


SOCK
A marking which extends from the coronet half way up the cannon bone or halfway to the knee on the foreleg or halfway to the hock on the back leg.

STOCKING
A full marcking to the area of the knee on the foreleg and to the area of the hock on the hind leg. It is an extended sock.




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